Mambo-Tox-Treated-Image-Athropods-08@2x

Testing normally commences with laboratory (Tier I) studies using the mandatory species (for Europe) of Aphidius rhopalosiphi and Typhlodromus pyri. Extended-laboratory (Tier II) and aged residue studies may then follow, if triggered by toxicity demonstrated in the previous tier of testing. Field testing is the highest tier.

Mambo-Tox can also work with other non-target species, mostly to provide data for IPM purposes.

TIER I

Laboratory studies using an inert test substrate (glass). These are typically of a rate-response design, to determine the median lethal rate (LR50) for a test item, for inclusion in Hazard Quotient calculations.

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Mambo-Tox-Treated-Image-Athropods-06@2x

TIER II (EXT-LAB) AND AGED RESIDUE

Tier II (Ext Lab) - Extended laboratory studies using a natural test substrate (plant leaves or standard natural soils).

Aged Residue - Aged-residue studies, the aim of which is to determine the decline in activity of harmful treatments applied to plants or soil, which are aged outdoors under rain-protection, permeable to UV-light.

Tier I (Laboratory) (2)
Aphidius rhopalosiphi (Parasitic Wasp)
Code:
Mead-Briggs (2009)
Found in:
Non-Target Arthropods
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Typhlodromus pyri (Predatory Mite)
Code:
Blümel (2000)
Found in:
Non-Target Arthropods
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Tier II (Ext-Lab) and Aged-Residue (9)
Aphidius rhopalosiphi (Parasitic Wasp)
Code:
Mead-Briggs (2009)
Found in:
Non-Target Arthropods
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Typhlodromus pyri (Predatory Mite)
Code:
Blümel (2000)
Found in:
Non-Target Arthropods
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Pardosa spp. (Wolf Spider)
Code:
Heimbach (2000)
Found in:
Non-Target Arthropods
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Chrysoperla carnea (Lacewing)
Code:
Vogt (2000)
Found in:
Non-Target Arthropods
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Coccinella septempunctata (Ladybird Beetle)
Code:
Schmuck (2000)
Found in:
Non-Target Arthropods
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Orius laevigatus (Predatory Bug)
Code:
Bakker (2000)
Found in:
Non-Target Arthropods
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Aleochara bilineata (Rove Beetle)
Code:
Grimm (2000)
Found in:
Non-Target Arthropods
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Poecilus cupreus - adult (Ground Beetle)
Code:
Heimbach (2000)
Found in:
Non-Target Arthropods
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Poecilus cupreus - larvae (Ground Beetle)
Code:
Heimbach (1998)
Found in:
Non-Target Arthropods
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